India Region

Total arable land in India reduced by 176 thousand hectares in 2018-19

21 December 2022, New Delhi: As per the latest Land Use Statistics, arable land in the country for the year 2009-10 to 2018-19 saw a total reduction of 3,63,067 thousand hectares. A total of 176 thousand hectares arable land was reduced in 2018-19 over 2017-18.

Total arable land in India 

YearArable Land
Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics, DA&FW.

As per the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, land comes under the purview of State Governments. Therefore State governments are to take suitable steps to check the diversion of arable land for commercial non-agricultural purposes. 

However, the Government of India supplements the efforts of States, through appropriate policy measures and budgetary support. Under the National Policy for Farmers – 2007 (NPF-2007), State Governments have been advised to earmark lands with low biological potential such as uncultivable land, land affected by salinity, acidity, etc., for non-agricultural development activities, including industrial and construction. 

National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy – 2007 (NRRP-2007) has also recommended that as far as possible, projects may be set up on wasteland, degraded land, or un-irrigated land, and acquisition of irrigated, multi-cropped agricultural land for non-agricultural uses may be kept to the minimum or avoided, to the extent possible. 

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