Ten New Breeds of Indigenous Farm Animals Registered by ICAR-NBAGR
06 October 2022, New Delhi: ICAR-NBAGR registered ten new breeds of indigenous livestock species in the country. These breeds are -Kathani cattle (Maharashtra), Sanchori cattle (Rajasthan) and Masilum cattle (Meghalaya); Purnathadi buffalo (Maharashtra); Sojat goat (Rajasthan), Karauli goat (Rajasthan) and Gujari goat (Rajasthan); Banda pig (Jharkhand), Manipuri Black pig (Manipur) and Wak Chambil pig (Meghalaya). Accession numbers were also assigned to these breeds by the Bureau. Earlier, Breed Registration Committee (BRC) in its 10th meeting held on 31th August, 2022, approved the registration of these livestock breeds of different states. After including these breeds, total number of registered indigenous breeds are 212, including 53 for cattle, 20 for buffalo, 37 for goat, 44 for sheep, 7 for horses & ponies, 9 for camel, 13 for pig, 3 for donkey, 3 for dog, 1 for yak, 19 for chicken, 2 for duck and 1 for geese.
Newly registered breeds
Purnathadi buffalo is distributed in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. It is medium in size with whitish to light brown coat. Leg extremities and tail switch are white. Horns are long with hook like appearance at end. Milk yield ranges from 353 to1533 kg in a lactation. Milk fat percentage ranges from 6.5 to11.5.
Accession No.: INDIA_BUFFALO_1100_PURNATHADI_01020
Kathani is a dual purpose cattle. It is distributed in mainly Vidarbha region of Western Maharashtra. The Kathani cattle possesses good draft ability, suited to marshy land for paddy cultivation.
Accession No.: INDIA_CATTLE_1100_KATHANI_03051
Sanchori is a medium sized, good milk producing cattle. It is distributed in Jalore district of Rajasthan. Majority of animals are white in colour. Average daily milk yield is about 9 kg with 2769 kg milk in a lactation.
Accession No.: INDIA_CATTLE_1700_SANCHORI_03052
Masilum is a small sized but well-built and sturdy cattle of Meghalaya. It is well adapted to the hill ecosystem. These cattle are reared by the Khasi and Jaintia communities for sports, manure and socio-cultural festivals.
Accession No.: INDIA_CATTLE_1300_MASILUM_03053
Sojat is a large sized dual purpose goat; reared for both meat and milk purpose. Sojat is mainly distributed in Pali, Jodhpur, Nagaur and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. Average adult weight is about 60.0 kg in males. Average milk yield in female is about 1 kg per day.
Accession No.: INDIA_GOAT_1700_SOJAT_06035
Karauli is a medium to large sized goat, reared for meat and milk. It is distributed in Sawai Madhopur, Kota, Bundi, and Baran districts of Rajasthan. The horns are medium sized corkscrew in shape pointed upwards are the most typical feature of Karauli goat. Average adult weight in males is about 52.0 kg.
Accession No.: INDIA_GOAT_1700_KARAULI_06036
Gujari goat is a large sized, dual-purpose breed of Rajasthan. Coat colour is mixed of brown and white with white face, leg and abdomen. Average adult weight is about 69.0 kg in males and 58.0 kg in females.
Accession No.: INDIA_GOAT_1700_GUJARI_06037
Banda pig is native of Jharkhand, mainly reared for pork and manure. Animals are black coloured, having short and erect ear. These animals are having medium to short bristle on neck with a long and concave snout. Average adult body weight is 28.0 kg in male and 27.0 kg in females. Litter size ranges from 4 to 7.
Accession No.: INDIA_PIG_2500_BANDA_09011
Manipuri Black is native pig of Manipur state, mainly reared for meat. Adult body weight averages about 96.0 kg in males and 93.0 kg in females. Litter size ranges from 6 to 11 at birth. Meat is preferred for its taste by local people.
Accession No.: INDIA_PIG_1200_MANIPURIBLACK_09012
Wak Chambil is a small sized pig with round and pendulous belly. It is mainly distributed in Garo Hills of Meghalaya. Pork is known for its unique flavour and taste and cherished during religious and ceremonial occasions by local people. Average adult body weight is 32.0 kg in males. Litter size at birth ranges from 4 to11.
Accession No.: INDIA_PIG_1300_WAKCHAMBIL_09013
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