15 December 2023, China: From December 12 to 13, the National Agricultural Technology Center organized a conference on the occurrence trends of major crop diseases and pests in China in 2024 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang. It summarized the characteristics and effectiveness of forecasting and reporting of major crop diseases and insect pests in the country in 2023, and analyzed and discussed the occurrence trends in 2024. , arranged and deployed key tasks of monitoring and early warning.
Based on a comprehensive analysis of the pre-winter pest and disease base, host crops, meteorological conditions and other influencing factors, the consultation expert group predicts that the occurrence situation of major crop diseases and pests will remain severe in 2024, including wheat scab, stem rot, and corn southern rust. , Spodoptera Frugiperda, Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera exigua, rice “two-migration” pests, stem borer, sheath blight, vegetable thrips, tomato leafminer, soybean root rot and other migratory epidemic diseases and pests in large areas The risk of recurrence is prominent.
The meeting invited experts from the Institute of Plant Protection of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the Institute of Vegetable and Flower Research, Nanjing Agricultural University, the National Meteorological Center and other units to discuss the occurrence patterns and monitoring of tomato leaf miner, cowpea thrips, soybean root rot, and wheat stripe rust. Special reports on survey technology and climate trend prediction. Representatives at the meeting also observed the progress in the construction of Zhejiang’s digital agriculture, rural areas and rural big data platform, and discussed topics such as the operation and management of national crop pest and disease monitoring regional stations, the development and application of intelligent monitoring equipment and digital precision monitoring and early warning technology.
The meeting emphasized that all localities must fully understand the new situation, new requirements, and new tasks faced by forecasting and reporting work, and focus on the implementation of a new round of actions to increase grain production capacity of 100 billion kilograms, actions to increase soybean oil production capacity, and green and high-quality development, while maintaining quality, quantity, and timeliness. On the basis of efficiently performing the legal functions of monitoring and early warning of major crop diseases and pests, we will strengthen the technical reserves for forecasting and reporting of new types of pests and diseases, continue to promote the layout and construction of field monitoring points, seamless docking and functional upgrades of digital monitoring and early warning platforms, and test demonstrations of intelligent monitoring and early warning equipment. Effective application will further build a dense monitoring and early warning network, improve terminal discovery capabilities, and continue to move towards the smart forecasting goal of “integrated monitoring, scheduling with a game of chess, and command with a picture”, and make new contributions to solidify the cornerstone of agricultural yields and harvests in an all-round way. greater contribution.
Representative provincial plant protection station directors from each region, as well as forecasting and reporting section chiefs and technical backbones of plant protection agencies in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) across the country participated in the consultation. Wang Jijun, chief agronomist of the National Agricultural Technology Center, Shao Chenqu, a second-level inspector of the Zhejiang Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and Wang Jianqiang, director of the Plant Protection and Phytosanitary Division of the Planting Industry Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, attended the meeting and delivered speeches.
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