30 April 2022, New Delhi: Agriculture being a State Subject, the State Governments take appropriate measures for development of agriculture in the State. However, Government of India supplements the efforts of States through appropriate policy measures and budgetary support and various schemes / programmes. The various schemes/ programmes of the Government of India are meant for the welfare of farmers by increasing production, remunerative returns and income support to farmers.
The Situation Assessment Survey (SAS) is carried out by the National Statistical Organization (NSO) at certain intervals only. The last available estimates on income of agricultural household are based on the Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) during 77th round (January – December 2019).
As per the survey results, the average monthly income per agricultural household from all sources was estimated to be. Rs. 10,218/-. The top five states with the highest monthly agriculture household income in India are Meghalaya (1), Punjab (2), Haryana (3), Arunachal Pradesh (4), followed by Jammu and Kashmir (5). The average monthly income of these top 5 states is Rs 23,406. The bottom 5 states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand with an average monthly income of Rs 6,474.
If we compare the top state (Meghalaya) with the last one (Jharkhand), the monthly income of Meghalaya is almost 6 times that of Jharkhand. There are many reasons for this low income, some of which are smallholder farmers, low yield, cultivation of same crop for years, no procurement on minimum support price, no crop diversification and intensification.
State-wise details of the monthly Agriculture Household Income including the North East is mentioned below:
|S. No.||States / Group of UTs||Monthly Agriculture Households’ Income (Rs.) 2018-19*|
|5||Jammu & Kashmir||18,918|
|6||Group of UTs||18,511|