30 June 2022, New Delhi: Horticulture crops are important crops for Indian farmers as they help him fetch high returns. The total area engaged under horticulture crop production in India in 2021-22 was 270.56 lakh hectares and total estimated production is about 330.25 lakh tonnes (1st advance estimates).
The cost of cultivation of a horticulture crops is quite high when done on a large commercial scale. If the farmer has market availability close to his field and has capability for short term storage, then he can earn good amount from horticulture crops.
The table below mentions average cost of cultivation for a few important horticulture crops like Tomato, Chili, Paprika, Capsicum, Brinjal, Bhendi, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Tapioca, Watermelon, Muskmelon, Ribbed Gourd, Bottle Guard, Gherkins, Turmeric, Coriander, Banana, Chrysanthemum, Golden rod.
Cost of cultivation of major horticulture crops grown in India (INR/Ha)
|Crop||Field preparation||Nursery and planting / sowing||Weeding||Plant protection||Fertilizers||Wages||Staking, transport & other expenses||Total|
It is also essential to know the earning potential from these crops as the cost of product fluctuates in the market daily due to various factors. The below table helps to understand net income from each of these crops with lowest market price expected. This will help farmers to take right decision before selecting his horticulture crops.
Net income from horticulture crops at lowest market price
|Crop||Cost of cultivation||Yield (MT/ha)||Net income (Rs.) (at the lowest price)||Market price range (Rs.)|
|Tomato||61000||50||39000 (@ Rs. 2/kg)||2 – 30/kg|
|Chilli||46000||22||64000 (@ Rs.5/kg)||5 – 15/kg|
|Paprika||49000||37||136000 (@ Rs. 5/kg)||5 – 20/kg|
|Capsicum||49000||18||95000 (@ Rs. 8/kg)||8 – 25/kg|
|Brinjal||50000||60||70000 (@ Rs. 2/kg)||2 – 30/kg|
|Bhendi||40600||10||19400 (@ Rs.6/kg)||6 – 15/kg|
|Cabbage||51500||75||173500 (@ Rs. 3/kg)||3 – 10/kg|
|Cauliflower||51500||32000 flowers||108500 (@ Rs. 5/flower)||5 – 15/flower|
|Tapioca||30000||30||54000 (@ Rs. 2.8/kg)||2.8 – 5/kg|
|Watermelon||50000||40||50000 (@ Rs. 2.5/kg)||2.5 – 10/kg|
|Muskmelon||56000||22||54000 (@ Rs.5/kg)||5 – 25/kg|
|Ribbed gourd||42000||20||38000 (@ Rs. 4/kg)||4 – 15/kg|
|Bottle gourd||42000||40||78000 (@ Rs. 3/kg)||3 – 15/kg|
|Gherkins||48000||20||72000 (@ Rs. 6/kg)||6 – 12/kg|
|Turmeric||45000||5||55000 (@ Rs. 2000/Q)||2000 – 4000/Q|
|Coriander||32000||87000 bundles||55000 (@ Rs. 1/bundle)||1 – 2/bundle|
|Banana||56000||75||319000 (@ Rs. 5/kg)||5 – 12/kg|
|Chrysanthemum||55000||20||245000 (@ Rs. 15/kg)||15 – 25/kg|
|Golden rod||77000||15000 bunches||73000 (@ Rs. 10/bunch)||10 – 14/bunch|
The above table will help to understand the highest and the lowest market rate. Horticulture crops must be selected keeing your local weather in mind as it is difficult to cultivate then in expreme high tempertures. It is also essential to know that you will be able to sell the final produce in your nearest market or not. Sometimes farmer grow ex exotic crop like black wheat or baby corn but there is no buyer in the local market to buy their produce.