13 January 2024, US: Phytophthora root and stem rot is triggered by the oomycete Phytophthora sojae.
In seedlings, the disease can induce damping-off, a phenomenon where seedlings perish before or after soil emergence. In mature plants, the disease can instigate sudden death, even when pod production has commenced.
Phytophthora root and stem rot can drastically alter the physiology of soybean plants. It damages the root system, hindering the plant’s ability to absorb water and nutrients from the soil, resulting in stunted growth and diminished yield.
Additionally, the disease can produce toxins that disrupt cellular processes, leading to cell death. This can further debilitate the plant, increasing its vulnerability to other diseases and pests.
This post will outline:
- How to identify Phytophthora root and stem rot
- Geographic impact of Phytophthora root and stem rot
- Timing of Phytophthora root and stem rot
- How to manage Phytophthora root and stem rot in soybean
How to Identify Phytophthora Root and Stem Rot
Several characteristic symptoms aid farmers and agronomists in detecting the presence of Phytophthora root and stem rot.
Phytophthora root and stem rot generally manifests through leaf wilting and yellowing. As the disease advances, dark brown discoloration appears on the stems, starting from the soil line and progressing upwards. Brown and rotting roots often signal the disease’s progression, potentially leading to plant death.
Geographic Impact of Phytophthora Root and Stem Rot
Phytophthora root and stem rot thrives in regions with heavy, poorly drained soils, often coinciding with excessive rainfall or irrigation. While it can appear in any soybean-growing region, it is predominantly found in the North Central United States and parts of Canada.
Timing of Phytophthora Root and Stem Rot
The disease can strike at any point during the growing season but is most prevalent during the early stages of plant development. It can also emerge in later stages, particularly under wet and warm conditions.
How to Manage Phytophthora Root and Stem Rot
The initial step in managing Phytophthora root and stem rot involves its accurate identification in soybean crops.
As a management strategy for Phytophthora root and stem rot in soybeans, consider using GCS Azoxy 2SC. This fungicide, containing Azoxystrobin as its active ingredient, may be suitable for use on soybeans to control seed-borne root rots.
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