06 March 2023, New Delhi: During the year 2022, about 16 varieties/hybrids in field crops were developed by Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) through an integrated approach of conventional and genomics-assisted breeding.
Wheat varieties developed by IARI
In wheat, 10 varieties were released in 2022 including HD 3406 and HD 3407, which are MAS-derived varieties having resistance to leaf stem and stripe rusts. Besides, HD 3411 developed through MAS was released for timely sown irrigated conditions. Further, HD 3369, HI 1650 (Pusa Ojaswi), HI 1653 (Pusa Jagrati), HI 1654 (Pusa Aditi), HI 1655 (Pusa Harsha), HI 8826 (Pusa Poshtik) and HI 8830 (Pusa Kirti) for various agro-ecologies.
Herbicide-tolerant Rice / Paddy varieties developed by IARI
During 2022, IARI has also developed two herbicide (Imazethapyr) tolerant rice varieties i.e., Pusa Basmati 1979 and Pusa Basmati 1985. Due to the inbuilt herbicide tolerance, these varieties are suitable for DSR cultivation in North-Indian plains.
Pusa Basmati 1121, Pusa Basmati 1718, Pusa Basmati 6, and Pusa Basmati 1509 occupied >95% of the Basmati rice area in the country and contributed Rs. 34,000 crores of foreign exchange during 2022-23.
Draught tolerant Chickpea variety developed by IARI
In chickpea, Pusa JG-16 a drought-tolerant variety developed through MAS was released for drylands.
Mustard variety developed by IARI
Pusa Mustard-34, a high-yielding variety of mustard with low erucic acid (0.79%) has been released.
Biofortified pearl millet varieties developed by IARI
In this ‘International Year of Millets’, the institute’s major focus is on the development of biofortified pearl millet cultivars for providing nutritional security. Four biofortified pearl millet lines viz., PPMI 1280, PPMI 1281, PPMI 1283, and PPMI 1284 (with high iron and zinc content) were developed.
Horticulture crop varieties developed by IARI
Rose: Two varieties of Rose (Pusa Lakshmi and Pusa Bhargava); Marigold (Pusa Parv and Pusa Utsav); Gladiolus (Pusa Rajat); Chrysanthemum (Pusa Lohit) and Bougainvillea(Pusa Akansha)were identified.
Guava: Two soft-seeded Guava varieties, Pusa Aarushi and Pusa Pratiksha with red and white pulp, respectively have been developed. A gynodioecious, semi-dwarf papaya variety Pusa Peet has been released.
Brinjal: High-yielding Brinjal varieties namely Pusa Krishna of brinjal for Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra and Pusa Prateek of carrot for Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Delhi, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Puducherry has been identified.
Tomato: Tomato hybrid ToLCV-6, resistant to Tomato Delhi Leaf Curl Virus with a yield potential of 70 t/ha has been identified.
Red Cabbage, Cauliflower, and Capsicum: A hybrid of red cabbage, Pusa Red Cabbage Hybrid-1, has been developed. Similarly, one variety each of cauliflower (Pusa Snowball Hybrid-2) and capsicum (Pusa Capsicum- 1) have been released.
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