India RegionSeed Industry

High-yielding short-duration Basmati rice varieties

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10 December 2022, New Delhi: The cultivation of Short Duration Varieties (SDVs) provides an extended window between Kharif harvesting of paddy and wheat sowing for Rabi, thereby giving sufficient time to the rice farmers for in-situ management and removal of excess paddy straw. The varietal trait for height is inherent in a self-pollinated crop like paddy. The dwarf varieties have less production of straw as compared to the tall varieties.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR) and State Agriculture Universities (SAUs) have developed high-yielding short-duration Basmati rice varieties including Pusa Basmati 1509 (115 days), Pusa Basmati 1692 (115 days) and Pusa Basmati 1847 (125 days). 

Non-basmati category, aromatic rice varieties include PR 126 (120-125 days), Pusa Sugandh 5 (125 days) and Pusa 1612 (120 days). These early maturing varieties mature about 20-25 days in advance which enables farmers to straw management and preparation of the fields for wheat sowing. 

Also Read: World Soil Day 2022: FAO publishes first global report on black soils

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