Seed Industry

Chilli Hybrid ARKA Swetha [F1]

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23 July 2022, New Delhi: Crop : CHILLI HYBRID

Variety : ARKA Swetha [F1]


Arka Sweta (F1): High yielding F1 hybrid with 28-30t / ha fresh yield and 4.5t/ ha dry chilli yield; fruit length 11-12cm and width 1.2cm; fruits are smooth; light green and turn to dark red on maturity; and tolerant to CMV viruses. Suitable for both kharif and rabi seasons cultivation

Soil and climate: Chilli crop raised for both green and red ripe dry chilli purpose is mainly concentrated in red sandy loam and black cotton soils of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Optimum soil pH for chilli crop is 6 to 6.5. A frost free period of 4 months with maximum temperature of 350C and minimum temperature not below 100C is optimum for raising chilli crop.

Season: Kharif season (June-October); however, for green fruits, chilli crop is raised throughout the year. 

Seed rate: Depending on the variety 1 to 1.25 kg of seeds are required for sowing one hectare of land. 

Spacing: Rainfed: 90 X 45 or 75 X 45cm; Irrigated: 75 cm x 45cm 

Time of planting: Under rainfed conditions-June-July, Around Bangalore July transplanted crop gives the maximum yield. 

Fertilizer dose: FYM 25t/ha; NPK for irrigated crop: 150:75:75 Kg/ha; for rainfed crop:100:50:50 kg/ha. 

Pest and disease Management: 

Thrips: Mix Acephate 0.5g, 2 ml of Pongamia oil and 1 ml sticker and make an emulsion (add a little water and shake thoroughly in a bottle) and make the volume to 1 lt and spray for management. Alternately, spray Acephate 75 SP @ 1.5 g/l or Fipronil (1 ml/l) or Lamda cyhalothrin 5 EC (0.75 ml/l) or Imidacloprid 200 SL (0.3 ml/l)

Aphid: Foliar application of Dimethoate (0.2%) is recommended.

Powdery mildew and Cercospora leaf spot diseases: Foliar application of Wettable sulphur (0.3%) or Tridemorph (0.1%) or Hexaconazole (0.075%) or Dinocap (0.1%) or Flusilazole (0.03 %) or Myclobutanil (0.1%) or Carbendazim (0.1%) at 10 -15 day intervals

Also Read: China: Measures counter food security risks

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