Women farmers in India

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13 December 2021, New Delhi: As per the information collected in Agriculture Census 2015-16, about 11.72% of the total operated area in the country was operated by female operational holders.

As per the results of the Situation Assessment Survey (SAS) of Agricultural Households
and Land and Livestock Holdings of Households in Rural India- 2019 conducted by National Statistical Office(NSO) for the agriculture year July 2018-June 2019.

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) under the Ministry of Home Affairs compiles and disseminates information on suicides in its publication titled ‘Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India’. As per the publication, the term ‘Farmer’ is defined as “the Person whose profession is farming and includes those who cultivate on their own land as well as those who cultivate on leased land/other’s land with or without the assistance of agricultural labourers”.

State-wise number of female and male operational holders is given in Annexure-I.

State-wise estimated number of female and male operational holders as per Agriculture Census 2015-16

Sl. No.States/UtsFemale – Number (in ‘000)Male – Number(in ‘000)
1A & N Islands48
2Andhra Pradesh25655955
3Arunachal Pradesh1497
4Assam462691
5Bihar229714090
6ChandigarhNeg1
7Chhattisgarh5533457
8D & N Haveli312
9Daman & Diu26
10Delhi317
11Goa1955
12Gujarat8774440
13Haryana2401371
14Himachal Pradesh74922
15Jammu & Kashmir1081307
16Jharkhand3162483
17Karnataka17436919
18Kerala17425778
19Lakshadweep45
20Madhya Pradesh11898808
21Maharashtra236412894
22Manipur10140
23Meghalaya80152
24Mizoram1179
25Nagaland19177
26Odisha1984667
27Puducherry826
28Punjab171074
29Rajasthan7756866
30Sikkim566
31Tamil Nadu15606350
32Telangana13684579
33Tripura71502
34Uttar Pradesh182421972
35Uttarakhand105775
36West Bengal2307008
 All India20439125751

Note:  Neg= Negligible(i.e. less than 500)

State-wise percentage of female farmers enrolled under PMFBY in 2020-21 and percentage of female beneficiaries under PM-KISAN is given in Annexure-II. Gender-wise data on KCC is not maintained.

Sl. No.State/UTPercentage of female farmers enrolled under PMFBY during 2020-21 Percentage  of female beneficiaries under PM-KISAN
1A & N Islands11.837.9
2Andhra Pradesh35.3
3Arunachal Pradesh51.9
4Assam30.031.1
5Bihar30.6
6Chandigarh11.4
7Chhattisgarh10.425.6
8D & N Haveli21.9
9Daman & Diu
10Delhi18.0
11Goa23.313.8
12Gujarat**26.9
13Haryana8.117.2
14Himachal Pradesh8.017.8
15Jammu & Kashmir2.011.2
16Jharkhand25.5
17Karnataka22.624.4
18Kerala31.844.3
19Lakshadweep49.4
20Madhya Pradesh12.621.3
21Maharashtra18.720.6
22Manipur54.2
23Meghalaya76.94.0
24Mizoram43.3
25Nagaland52.7
26Odisha14.124.3
27Puducherry32.738.9
28Punjab0.1
29Rajasthan11.836.3
30Sikkim35.716.8
31Tamil Nadu29.031.2
32Telangana28.6
33Tripura18.121.8
34Uttar Pradesh8.419.5
35Uttarakhand7.317.7
36West Bengal18.7
All India15.625.1

Note-   (1) Kharif 2021 enrolment under finalization; Rabi 2021-22 enrolment undergoing

(2) ** Gujarat and Karnataka State Government have their own Portal

(3)  – Data not available

State-wise average monthly income earned by agricultural households in the country is given in Annexure-III. Gender-wise data on farmers income was not collected in the survey.

State /UTs wise Average monthly income per agricultural household during agricultural year July 2018 – June 2019

Sl. No.State/GroupofUTsAverage monthly income()
1Andhra Pradesh10,480
2Arunachal Pradesh19,225
3Assam10,675
4Bihar7,542
5Chhattisgarh9,677
6Gujarat12,631
7Haryana22,841
8Himachal Pradesh12,153
9Jammu & Kashmir18,918
10Jharkhand4,895
11Karnataka13,441
12Kerala17,915
131Madhya Pradesh8,339
14Maharashtra11,492
15Manipur11,227
16Meghalaya29,348
17Mizoram17,964
18Nagaland9,877
19Odisha5,112
20Punjab26,701
21Rajasthan12,520
22Sikkim12,447
23Tamil Nadu11,924
24Telangana9,403
25Tripura9,918
26Uttarakhand13,552
27Uttar Pradesh8,061
28West Bengal6,762
29Group of N E States16,863
30Group of UTs18,511
All India10,218

Year-wise number of farmers including female farmers availing the Minimum Support Price(MSP) for paddy and Wheat  during the last five years in different States is given in Annexure-IV

No. of farmers benefitted, State-wise, Marketing Season-wise (Paddy and Wheat)

S.NoSTATES/ UTsKMS 2018-19KMS 2019-20KMS 2020-21KMS 2021-22*RMS 2018-19RMS 2019-20RMS 2020-21RMS 2021-22
1Andhra Pradesh58183967978980394511322
2Telangana147482819886302164354396991
3Assam129212653720401
4Bihar210028279402497097190243128554100296701
5Chandigarh30281537157517811557169114102039
6Chhattisgarh157141418385932053490185914
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