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Indian Foodgrain Production Estimated at 3288.52 LMT; Slightly Lower Than Last Year

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05 June 2024, New Delhi: The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has released Third Advance Estimates of Major Agricultural Crops for the year 2023-24. From the last agricultural year, the summer season has been segregated from Rabi season and incorporated in the Third Advance Estimates. Hence, this Advance Estimates of area, production and yield includes Kharif, Rabi & Summer season.

This estimate has been primarily prepared on the basis of information received from State Agricultural Statistics Authorities (SASAs). The data received has been validated and triangulated with information received from Remote Sensing, Weekly Crop Weather Watch Group and other agencies. Further the climatic conditions, previous trends, price movements, mandi arrivals etc. are also considered while preparing the estimates.

The details of production of various crops are given as under:

Total Foodgrains– 3288.52 LMT

  • Rice -1367.00 LMT
  • Wheat – 1129.25 LMT
  • Maize – 356.73 LMT
  • Shree Anna– 174.08 LMT
  • Tur – 33.85 LMT
  • Gram – 115.76 LMT

Total Oilseeds– 395.93 LMT

  • Soybean – 130.54 LMT
  • Rapeseed & Mustard – 131.61 LMT

Sugarcane – 4425.22 LMT
Cotton – 325.22 Lakh Bales (170 Kgs. each)
Jute – 92.59 Lakh Bales (180 Kgs. each)

India’s Agricultural Sector Sees Promising Yields in 2023-24

India’s agricultural sector has witnessed a strong performance in the 2023-24 crop year, with the total foodgrain production estimated at 3288.52 Lakh Metric Tons (LMT). This figure, while slightly lower than the previous year’s production, represents a significant increase of 211.00 LMT compared to the average foodgrain production of the last 5 years (2018-19 to 2022-23), which stood at 3077.52 LMT.

The production of key crops has shown a positive trend. The total Rice production is estimated at 1367.00 LMT, up from 1357.55 LMT in 2022-23, marking an increase of 9.45 LMT. Similarly, the production of Wheat is estimated at 1129.25 LMT, which is 23.71 LMT higher than the previous year’s wheat production.

The production of Shree Anna (Millets) is also on the rise, with an estimated output of 174.08 LMT, representing a marginal increase of 0.87 LMT from the 2022-23 production. Additionally, the production of Nutri/Coarse Cereals is estimated at 547.34 LMT, which is 46.24 LMT higher than the average Nutri/Coarse Cereals production.

The pulse crops have also seen a positive trend. The production of Tur (Pigeon Pea) is estimated at 33.85 LMT, a marginal increase of 0.73 LMT from the previous year’s production of 33.12 LMT. The production of Lentil is estimated at 17.54 LMT, which is 1.95 LMT higher than the previous year’s production of 15.59 LMT.

The oilseed sector has also witnessed a strong performance, with the production of Soybean estimated at 130.54 LMT and the production of Rapeseed & Mustard estimated at 131.61 LMT, which is 5.18 LMT higher than the previous year’s production.

The production of Cotton is estimated at 325.22 Lakh Bales (of 170 Kg each), while the production of Sugarcane is estimated at 4425.22 LMT.

While preparing the Kharif crop production estimates the Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) based yield has been considered. Further, the process of recording CCEs have been re-engineered by the implementation of Digital General Crop Estimation Survey (DGCES) which was rolled out in 16 states during the Rabi season. The yield results received under DGCES has been predominantly used to arrive at rabi crop production. Further, summer crop production is based on the average of last 3 years yield.

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