India Region

Agriculture in India

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27 January 2023, New Delhi: Agriculture is an important economic activity in India. It accounts for 18.5% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and provides employment to over 58% of the total workforce of the country. India is the world’s second-largest producer of food grains and is the leading producer of pulses, rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables.

Agricultural production in India is largely dependent on monsoon rains for irrigation. The government of India has implemented various initiatives to promote modern agricultural practices and increase crop production. These include the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, and the National Food Security Mission.

The government has also set up the National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE) to provide training and capacity building for agricultural extension personnel. This has helped in spreading modern agricultural practices and creating a more sustainable agricultural sector. The government has also launched the e-NAM (National Agriculture Market) initiative to promote the online trading of agricultural commodities and provide a transparent platform for farmers to sell their produce.

Despite these efforts, India’s agricultural sector is still affected by many challenges such as low productivity, inadequate infrastructure, and limited access to credit. The country also faces a huge gap in the availability of agricultural extension services and other related services such as soil testing and crop advisories.

In order to ensure food security for the entire population, the government of India has launched various schemes, such as the National Food Security Mission, the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, and the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, to strengthen the agricultural sector.

Also Read: Millets & Organics -2023: Three-day International Trade Fair starts at Thripuravasini, Bengaluru

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