Wireworm issues on the rise
28 February 2022, UK: Wireworm is an increasing threat for potato growers, and set to be more of a problem with soils in the future, warns Syngenta Technical Manager, Michael Tait.
Speaking at this season’s Syngenta Potato Science Soil Pest webinar, Michael (below) pointed out any current monitoring through pheromone trapping, to lure click beetles – the adult stage of wireworm, principally only identified the three common species Agriotes sputator; A. obscurus and A. lineatus.
“Limited research has occurred in recent years to identify any new species of wireworm that may become more prevalent with changing climatic conditions and agronomic practices.
“The loss of neonicotinoid seed treatments undoubtedly had a big effect on wireworm through the arable rotation. The expansion of growing some green cover crops could also encourage wireworm problems,” he warned. “It’s certainly something to watch out for in the future.”
Michael highlighted that whilst ethoprop (Mocap) was historically considered the standard treatment for wireworm, principally on cost, since it was no longer available, and growers would need to seek alternatives.
He cited trials results with the nematicide, Nemathorin at the wireworm-approved rate of 15 kg/ha showed it typically offered a 50-70% reduction in levels of wireworm damage to tubers, which was equivalent to results with ethoprop.
Furthermore, Syngenta Insecticides Technical Manager, Dr Max Newbert, outlined R&D work on a new microgranule formulation of lambda-cyhalothrin that had shown excellent results for reduction of wireworm in potatoes. The product has been available in France and is in the approval process for the UK and other European countries.
In the UK he reported the product is intended for use on wireworm as a soil incorporated treatment at the time of planting, with approval sought for potatoes and maize crops. Registration trials in Holland had shown a significant 20% increase in tubers without any sign of wireworm damage, along with virtually eliminating the worst damaged tubers with five or more holes, compared to untreated.
The results were even better than achieved with Nemathorin, but the granules would not have the nematicide’s restrictive 119day pre-harvest interval.
In field trials no issues had been experienced with crop emergence following treatment. The lambda-cyhalothrin granules would also be likely to be at a more competitive price point, Max suggested.
Subject to regulatory approval, Syngenta’s plan is to have the product available with best use advice and application guidelines for the 2023 planting season.