Agriculture Industry

What went wrong with kharif sowing so far

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20 July 2021, New Delhi: Last week’s kharif sowing data put out by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare is of concern as the coverage of all crops, barring pigeon pea (arhar), sugarcane, sunflower and jute, at 611.89 lakh hectares (lh), is lower compared with last year’s 691.93 lh. 

The acreage is also lower than the normal 636.83 lh seen during 2016-20 seasons (July-June). 

Making matters worse is the lower-than-normal area under rice, black matpe (urad), moong bean, jowar, bajra, ragi, maize (corn), sesamum, castor and jute. 

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Kharif crop production has a direct impact on the economy as good production, coupled with remunerative prices, buoys rural regions. This then leads to a spin-off effect, helping the overall development in the economy. 

Retail inflation

A decline in agricultural production could also lead to retail inflation, which is above the RBI target at 6.26 per cent.

The slack coverage of the area under kharif crops is mainly due to the “break” in the south-west monsoon during the second half of June and early this month. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the south-west monsoon was 5 per cent lower than normal till July 14. Curiously, a 5 per cent deficiency in rainfall is treated as normal but therein lies a tale. The rainfall statistics is for the whole country, with the amount of rain received by each of the 36 meteorological subdivisions given separately.

Of these subdivisions, two received “excess” rainfall — exceeding 60 per cent of the normal, five “excess” showers — higher by 20-59 per cent than normal, and 17 got normal rainfall ranging between 20 per cent deficient and 19 per cent excess than normal. The remaining 12 received deficient rainfall, lower than normal by 19- 59 per cent.

Key agricultural States such as Gujarat (-34 per cent), Haryana (-25 per cent), Rajasthan (-24 per cent), Punjab (-23 per cent) Madhya Pradesh (-17 per cent) and Uttar Pradesh (-15 per cent) were affected. 

Telling effect

This has had a telling effect on kharif sowing, with these States reporting lower coverage of crops such as rice, pulses, coarse cereals, cotton, oilseeds and jute. For Rajasthan, the area under rice, pulses, coarse cereals, oilseeds and cotton has declined.

While a few observers say that recovery in sowing could be an uphill task since it is the third week of July, others feel this week could be crucial. “If these deficient areas receive good rainfall this week, we could see a rejuvenation in sowing,” a trade analyst said. Fortunately, the IMD has forecast heavy rains in these deficient regions. This could see farmers planting more. 

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