16 October 2022, Zambian: On International Day of Rural Women held on October 15, ICRISAT applauds all women in dryland agriculture, exemplified by a Zambian farmer’s achievements.
Like many women residing in rural areas of Africa, Esther Zulu, a 51-year-old farmer from the Nyimba district in eastern Zambia, relies on dryland agriculture for her living.
As a single parent of four children, Esther has worked to build her farming enterprise to a stage where she can now independently pay for her children’s school fees.
“I inherited a farm and grass-roofed house that my parents used to live in. Today, with my farm income, I can pay for school fees and have built a house with bricks and with iron sheet roofing and have paved the path for other farm households too” said Esther.
“No one now sleeps on an empty stomach in my house, even in December and January when food is a challenge for many farmers in my district,” said Esther.
Her achievements have been spurred on by her long association with her farmer cooperative that is supported by Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO).
COMACO is a social enterprise that finances improved agricultural practices through the adoption of agroforestry and legume-based farming systems that increase food crop yields and market opportunities for over 230,000 small-scale farmers in eastern Zambia.
The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) works in partnership with COMACO and the Chitetezo Cooperative Federation to accelerate climate resilience and expand the impacts of climate-smart agriculture.
Esther started as a group leader of 20 farmers in 2008 and became the Cooperative Chairperson in 2018, partnering with COMACO in climate-smart sustainable agricultural practices.
In 2022, she became the first Executive Committee Chairlady of the Chitetezo Cooperative Federation, with 55 Cooperatives.
She envisions the federation to grow as an umbrella Board that provides the cooperatives with a market, storage for crops, training for its leaders and education for its members.
Responding to Climate Variability
ICRISAT, through the Accelerating Impacts of CGIAR Climate Research for Africa (AICCRA) program, engages in the scaling of proven science-based climate innovations in Zambia. ICRISAT scientists work towards empowering the Chitetezo federation of the many cooperatives in partnership with COMACO to accelerate local climate action and expand the impact of climate-smart agriculture and climate information services.
With unpredictable climate, Esther had been struggling to plan for forthcoming agriculture seasons. To address this challenge, ICRISAT scientists are developing the Intelligent Agricultural Systems Advisory Tool (ISat), with inputs from cooperative farmers like her for customized sustainable farming in eastern Zambia. This helps farmers make better decisions responding to seasonal forecasts and effectively plan and apply climate-smart agriculture solutions.
“Back in the 1980s, the rainy season used to last between October and May. Today, the rainfall period has shortened and become erratic.
There are periods of flash floods, and yet rivers and streams are dried up. It has become difficult to anticipate climate-related events and prepare fields for the crop season,” said Esther.
Implementing Climate Smart Technologies
Now, Esther is practicing and promoting climate-smart technologies like minimum tillage, crop rotation, potholing and ripping. She also encourages others to plant Gliricidia trees in the fields to improve soil fertility.
“I use natural resources including trees, crop residues, livestock manure as compost, and return it back to my fields. I use minimum tillage. I grow maize as a staple and have diversified into other crops like groundnut and soybean to boost my income. I also raise chicken, cows, pigs and goats at my farm and plan to venture into fish farming,” said Esther.
Esther Zulu has been a strong advocate for sustainable climate-smart agriculture and hopes to end poverty among smallholder farmers in Zambia.
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